• How Peckinpah Mountain got its name

    by  • March 15, 2011 • History, Sierra Foothills • 11 Comments

    After establishing our home on  Malum Ridge, looking out onto Peckinpah Mountain, I heard from neighbors about the  logging history in our town of North Fork, CA.  I became curious about the Peckinpah name and being a bit of a history buff, I decided to dig a bit further. This is what I found.

    In Aug 2001, Peckinpah Mountain was scarred and burned in the North Fork Fire, along with our entire property. Luckily only the grass and one tree burned before the fire heated up and climbed the mountain. We built our home here 4 years later.

    In Aug 2001, Peckinpah Mountain was scarred and burned in the North Fork Fire, along with our entire property. Luckily only the grass and one tree burned before the fire heated up and climbed the mountain. We built our home here 4 years later.

    Peckinpah Mountain rises 6000 feet above Hwy 274 providing south-bound travelers and the people of North Fork grizzled views of Ponderosa, Sugar pines, Oaks and waterfalls.  It is also the mountain upon which we look everyday as we walk our dog, Maggie, or work or sit in the garden. High above, is a high country meadow filled with a colorful history. The word Madera or maderas, the name of our county, means wood or ‘lumber’ in Spanish.  After the Gold Rush, many folks turned to lumbering on the mountain above our home here in the Sierra Foothills.


    Lumber team from Peckinpah Mill, North Fork, Calif

    Lumber team from Peckinpah Mill, North Fork, Calif *

    The Mill

    One lumber mill, set in a meadow bearing his name, was operated by Charles M Peckinpah.  He and his brothers started the mill in 1884 and worked it until 1904, the mill giving its name to the old timber trail, now Peckinpah Road. Back then, from North Fork, it would have taken a full day to make the 3000’ foot climb up a steep incline in a wagon pulled by a twelve-mule team.


    Peckinpah Mil

    Peckinpah Mill            Photo A. W. Peters**

    American author of Westerns and journals of his own experiences in the West, Stewart Edward White, whose cabin was situated two miles from the Peckinpah Mill, wrote of “Uncle Charley” and his family in his 1911 book ‘The Cabin’.

     “There is a sawmill two miles distant, over near the bluffs The master sawyer has lived all his life in the mountains — in fact, the meadow bore his name. “Uncle Charley” has a wife and four half-grown boys.

    Every once in a while some or all of them take the long ride up the mountain to see us. His home is down the mountain at the Forks. There he often furnishes the music for some of the dances.

    This year the mill has sawed its last in the little clearing where it has lived for twenty-five years.  It has made a tiny hole in the forest, and has left some ugly debris in its slashings. But even where it cut two years ago, the young trees are springing thick.”

    After twenty years of lumbering on Peckinpah Mountain and during a recession, Charles Peckinpah was forced to sell his mill to the Pierce Lumber Company.

    The Peckinpahs and the Churches

    Denver S. Church, a U.S. Representative from California for three terms, Fresno district attorney, and Superior Court judge, had a long history in the San Joaquin Valley; his father Earle J. Church was a farmer and stock raiser in Fresno and his uncle Moses J. Church worked to bring water to the valley and was considered ‘Father of Fresno Irrigation.’  In 1905 the Churches had purchased the Angel homestead in Crane Valley below Peckinpah Mountain.


    Angell's Ranch, Crane Valley, 'Madeira Co'. Cal. June 1 '03

    Angell’s Ranch, Crane Valley, ‘Madeira Co’. Cal. June 1 ’03***

    In 1915, Charles Peckinpah’s son, David, born on Peckinpah Mountain, met and married Fern Church, daughter of Denver Church. David had gone to North Fork schools before his family moved to Fresno and he studied law, passed the Bar and went into practice at Church, Church and Peckinpah, with his father and brother in law, Denver and Earle J Church.

    D Sam

    David and Fern Peckinpah had two sons, Denver, called Denny and  David Samuel, called D Sam and a daughter, Fern Lea.  D Sam went on to become a movie director in Hollywood.

    Sam Peckinpah’s second film, ‘Ride the High Country’ included personal references from his own childhood growing up on Denver Church’s ranch, and even named one of the mining towns ‘Coarsegold’, a small town 15 miles away.  Some say he based the character of lawman, Steve Judd, on his own father, David, but he says “no, they got too respectable, all judges and lawyers and teetotalers. My grandfather, Charles Peckinpah, started a saw mill up in Madera County outside Fresno, in 1873. There’s a mountain there, the Peckinpah Mountain, where my father was born.”

    Peckinpah grew up just at the right time to see the last vestiges of the Old West disappearing. Helping out on his grandfather’s ranch he witnessed the rough life of the cowhand, who worked the ranch, carrying over from the days of gold mining, hunting and trapping. Sam Peckinpah’s father was the real cowboy. He was the foreman of Denver Church’s ranch and drove the stage between North Fork and South Fork.

    Although he lived in a middle class home in Fresno, he spent happy days at the ranch on Peckinpah Mountain and at the family’s cabin in Bass Lake riding his horse, Nellie, up around the pines of Crane Valley. He said “It was the finest time of my life. There will never be another time like that again.

    “We loved that country, all of us”

    In an interview, Sam Peckinpah said, “My earliest memory is being strapped into a saddle when I was two for a ride up into the high country. We were always close to the mountains, always going back to them. When my grandfather was dying, almost his last words were about the mountains.  We loved that country, all of us.”


    1914 Peckipah Mountain map

    1914 Peckinpah Mountain map. Notice North Fork, Cascadel, at bottom and Peckinpah Lumber Co, just above, perched just above the crest of the mountain. One of the streams shown in sq # 29, middle top, is ‘our’ waterfall.

    “My granddad, Denver Church, had a 4,100-acre cattle ranch in the foothills of the Sierras and the whole family, the Peckinpahs and the Churches, had been wandering in that country since moving out from the Midwest in the middle of the twentieth century. We even have a mountain named after us.”

    “The people and places in that area! It’s mostly all gone now, chopped up with new roads and resort facilities and overrun with all these (…..)  tourists and campers.”


    2011 Peckipah Mountain Map

    Location of Peckinpah Meadow where the mill stood on top of Peckipah Mountain

    “My brother Denny and I were in on the last of it. A lot of the old-timers dated back to when the place had been the domain of hunters and trappers, Indians, gold miners_ all the drifters and hustlers. All that’s left now are the names to remind you, and what names: towns like Coarsegold and Finegold, Shuteye peak, Dead Man Mountain, Wild Horse Ridge, Slick Rock. Denny and I rode and fished and hunted all over that country. We thought we’d always be part of it.”


    Peckinpah Mountain, Nov 2010

    Peckinpah Mountain, Nov 2010

    To see Peckinpah Mountain and meadow for yourself, drive the Sierra Vista Scenic Byway, Rd 233, starting from North Fork. Peckinpah Road travels from North Fork to Minarets Road through Sierra National Forest, passing Peckinpah Meadow, campsites and hiking trails. Wildflowers are in full bloom late spring and early summer.


    Photo credits:

    *Logging team from Peckinpah Mill in North Fork, CA, Courtesy NYPL  Digital Gallery
    **Peckinpah Mill Photo by A W Peters, courtesy Brian Wilhite of White Cloud Photography
    ***Angell’s Ranch, Crane Valley    Gallery of the Open Frontier, University of Nebraska Press

    Stewart Edward White THE CABIN
    Peckinpah: a portrait in montage  by Garner Simmons
    Sam Peckinpah: interviews By Kevin J. Hayes
    Charlie M Peckinpah  photo and info at FindaGrave
    History of Fresno and SJ Valley CA  PDF Bill and Pat Hayes Family Genealogy
    2001 August Fire on Peckinpah  Our account of the fire from my diary
    Thanks to Alice Williams Kirby for additional background information


    Sue Langley, a passionate gardener and photographer lives and gardens with her husband and Corgi, Maggie on 7 acres just south of Yosemite, Zone 7 at 3000 feet. She also manages the Flea Market Gardening Facebook page and website.

    11 Responses to How Peckinpah Mountain got its name

    1. March 15, 2011 at 6:39 pm

      Love that photo of the wooden house.
      We have the same ones almost, and built in the same period. The connections between Otago New Zealand and California come from the wash of people around the pacific chasing the gold rushes.
      In Dunedin there is a type of wooden house called a ‘bay villa’ which is often assumed to be because they have two bay windows. But the real reason is that they are the same as those in the ‘Bay area’ of San Francisco. Built in the same tradition and possibly in some cases by the same persons.

      • March 15, 2011 at 7:21 pm

        Kerry, the parallels between California and your area of Otago are fascinating, especially having to do with the gold rushes. I didn’t know about the Bay villas, but that is an interesting reason! My sister tells me there is another type of New Zealand home called a ‘California Bungalow’. I wonder what the fare was to sail from NZ to San Francisco, and vice versa?

    2. March 15, 2011 at 8:31 pm

      You may have seen these posts before but they are about the California – Otago connection.




      Also a lot of the gold technology described in various posts is also in common with California

    3. March 16, 2011 at 4:21 pm

      This was some nice reading. I usually spend a summer week in the Sierra near the Stanislaus National Forest, though this year it will be two weeks, so I’m looking forward to reading more on your blog.

    4. March 17, 2011 at 8:19 am

      This was fascinating, Sue! A most interesting and thoroughly enjoyable peek into the past. I’m sure knowing all of this history makes living there even more special, too!

    5. April 6, 2011 at 11:25 am

      A wonderful post Sue, and fantastic images too! Like you, I love rummaging around in historical documents. I’m a firm believer that you can’t know where you are, or where you’re going, if you don’t know where you’ve been. I’ve heard some wonderful tidbits from some of our elder neighbors shortly after moving here, and find oral histories fascinating too, especially as once the people are gone, the stories are lost. You might just inspire me to collect some of our local history together for a similar post in the near future.

    6. April 6, 2011 at 2:07 pm

      Thanks! I do get curious about the history here. The 40 acre ranch that was subdivided to make 6 5-7 acres lots was originally called the Shangri-la Ranch. Someone had grand ideas! There is an old shed, goat or sheep sized on our place. I’d like to know about that and the owners before us.

    7. Ross Peckinpah
      January 25, 2014 at 3:57 pm

      Interesting views and curiosities. The name wasn’t made official until I proposed it in the 1990’s to the US Geographical Survey and submitted with local petitions collected in North Fork and news articles referring to the name from the 1940’s. I have the fiddle that family members played at the dances in South Fork and I also have the pocket watch of my Great Grandfather Charlie.

      • Marie Iden
        January 26, 2014 at 9:49 am

        Hi Ross,

        Do you have any more of the cookbooks your uncle created? I’d like to buy some if you do.

      • Sue Langley
        January 26, 2014 at 9:49 am

        Hi Ross,
        I’m very glad to know these details…how wonderful to have some artifacts …ones that your relatives handled, still in your family. What was the Mountain called before the official name?
        I hope I did justice to the story,
        Respectfully, Sue Langley

    8. Sue Langley
      January 26, 2014 at 9:54 am

      Hi Sandra,
      Nice to get your viewpoint as well. Looks like your ancestors go way back and it’s nice to walk where they did and know a bit of their lives back then.
      I think I met you once while I worked at True Value Garden Center.

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